|Fantastic Hawaii Island Cruise:
Part 5: Island of Kauai (可愛島)
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One of many gorgeous bays overlooking beautiful blue ocean in Kauai. One of such bays is "Hanalei Bay"
which means crescent bay.
Our cruise ship left the Kailua-kona of Big Island of Hawaii at 6 PM on August 22 and arrived at the Nawiliwili
Harbor on the Island of Kauai (可愛島) at 8 AM of the following day of August 23. Nawiliwili Harbor is only
about 3 miles from Lihue Airport. The rental car companies at airport sent their free shuttle buses to
Nawiliwili Harbor for rental car customers. After getting our rental car at the airport, we drove the rental car
to tour the Island of Kauai.
One of many beautiful red tailed tropicbirds flying at picturesque Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge
(NWR) and Kilauea Lighthouse on the north shore of Kauai.
Two days ago, we saw many beautiful white tailed tropicbirds flying in the Kilauea Volcanic Caldera and in
the smoking Halemaumau Crater on the Big Island of Hawaii.
Here in Kauai, we are seeing many beautiful red tailed tropicbirds in flight. These are all new and very
exciting experience for me as a bird watcher because I have never seen tropicbirds previously.
The ocean cliffs and open grassy slopes of an extinct volcano at Kilauea Point NWR provide breeding
grounds for native Hawaiian seabirds and nene, the Hawaiian goose.
Three of many red tailed tropicbirds flying at Kilauea Point NWR on the north shore of Kauai.
Each year, thousands of migratory seabirds use Kīlauea Point National Wildlife Refuge for nesting, foraging,
or resting. Laysan Albatrosses, Red-footed Boobies, Brown Boobies, Red-tailed and White-tailed
Tropicbirds, Great Frigatebirds, and Wedge-tailed Shearwaters all visit the refuge. In addition, migratory
shorebirds, such as the kōlea, can be seen August through May.
This is a spectacular birdwatchers' dream, thousands of seabirds soaring overhead.
It is a paradise for bird watchers to see thousands of seabirds flying in the sky and thousands of seabirds
nesting on the trees, bushes and on the grounds under bushes at Kilauea Point NWR.
In addition to red tailed tropicbirds, we also saw many other kinds of seabirds flying in the sky and nesting on
the trees, bushes and on the grounds at Kilauea Point NWR.
One of several frigatebirds soaring and gliding gracefully in the sky at Kilauea Point NWR.
The Great Frigatebird is a large seabird with long deeply forked tails, a long hooked bill, and wing span of 7
feet. The frigatebirds have the highest ratio of wing area to body mass, enabling frigatebirds to fly for hours or
even days while in search of food without resting on land. Its flight is characterized by long periods of soaring
almost like a black kite in the sky.
Frigatebirds are fast and agile and feed mostly on fish taken in flight from the ocean's surface (mostly flyingfish
and squid) by dipping bill into water. They swoop down to the ocean surface and snatch prey using their
hooked beaks. Frigatebirds often rely on predatory fish (tuna, sailfish, sharks or pods of dolphins) to chase
and to drive prey (school of bait fish) to the ocean surface so that frigatebirds can snatch the bait fish from the
More samples of seabirds flying in the sky at Kilauea Point NWR.
Another frigatebird (軍艦鳥) soaring over Kilauea Point NWR. Sometime, they perform acrobatics like twist
and loops in the air.
However, about 5% of frigatebird's foods are obtained by piracy - stealing fish from other birds in the air.
Frigatebirds are known as masters of piracy or Pirate of the Sea. Being a fast and adept aerial flier,
frigatebird sometime obtains some of its food by chasing and harassing other seabirds in the air until the
seabird drops its prey (fish) or regurgitate its prey and frigatebird then steal or catch the fish in the mid air.
Frigatebird pursues its victim seabird vigorously until the bird disgorge its catches. This behavior inspired both
its Hawaiian and English bad names: "iwa" means “thief” and “frigate” refers to the fast ships used by pirates.
During seabird nesting seasons, frigatebirds will soar above seabird colonies, waiting for parent birds to return
to their nests with food to feed their young. As the returning parent birds approach the colony, the frigatebirds
(which are fast and agile) drop down and pursue them vigorously; frigatebirds are known to seize tropicbirds
by their long tail plumes in mid air as shown in the following YouTube movie:
The following YouTube movie shows that a frigatebird steals a fish from the mouth of a baby bird when the
parent bird is feeding a fish to the baby bird:
The red tailed tropicbird has a bright coral-red bill, and two streamer-like red-tail feathers giving it a
distinctive appearance. It spends the majority of the year on open sea far from land; comes ashore
only to breed.
The red-tailed tropicbird indulges in an aerial courtship ritual before nesting. Such displays are
performed by one to six birds, but usually in pairs. The birds remain almost stationary in mid air and
swing their tail streamers from side to side as they cackle to one another. With its long feathers
streaming like a kite’s tail, it performs dazzling aerial courtship and daredevil diving displays during
aerial courtship maneuvers. During courtship and mating aerial displays, the tropicbirds bark a
distinctive eek and a cackling call, all while demonstrating their daredevil aerial maneuvers. Groups
of up to 20 birds fly in circles, calling rapidly from slow flight to hovering with rapid wing beats.
We were lucky to be at the right place and at the right time (August 23 and 24, 2012) to see the
mating aerial courtship behavior of these red tailed tropicbirds during their mating season at Kilauea
Point NWR. I took a movie of the behavior of red tailed tropicbird (and frigatebird) at Kilauea Point
NWR as shown in the following YouTube website:
A portion of the Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge.
From Kilauea Point NWR looking east. The terrains look deceptively quiet to naked eyes. My compact
super-zoom camera with 35X optical zoom reveals thousands of seabirds nesting on the trees, bush and
ground and thousands of seabirds flying over these terrains to the east of Kilauea NWR as shown in the
following two pictures from the super-zoom camera.
A baby bird in the nest under the bush on the ground within 2 feet of the walk path near the visitor center in
Kilauea Point NWR.
Kilauea NWR is closed early at 4 PM every day during the breeding season because the parent birds come
back from the ocean to Kilauea NWR at dusk to feed their baby birds on the ground under bushes.
I took a movie clip of this baby seabird in action in its nest on the ground as shown in the following YouTube
Another baby bird on the ground under the bush within one foot distance from the walk path near the visitor
center in Kilauea Point NWR..
The history of introduction of Indian mongoose into Hawaii islands indicates that only the islands of Lana'i and
Kaua'i are (thought to be) free of mongoose. There are two conflicting stories of why Kaua'i was spared. The
first is that the residents of Kaua'i were opposed to having the animals on the island and when the ship
carrying the offspring reached Kaua'i, the animals were thrown overboard and drown. A second story tells
that upon arriving to Kaua'i one of the mongooses bit a dockworker who, in a fit of anger, threw the caged
animals into the harbor to drown.
The populations of ground nesting birds on other Hawaii islands were decimated by the thriving Indian
mongoose. But there is no mongoose on the Island of Kauai such that the red tailed tropicbird and other
seabirds can nest on the ground safely and thrive on the Island of Kauai.
Wedge-tailed shearwaters burrowed in holes in the dirt under the bushes as their nests in Kilauea Point NWR.
We also saw three nene, the Hawaii native geese, in Kilauea Point NWR.
Lovely Ke'e Beach at Haena State Park located on the north shore of Kauai at the terminus of the
Kuhio Highway (Hawaii Route 560) as the "end of the road" and marks the end point of the Kuhio
Highway (Highway 56) . The beach is fantastic - clear water, beautiful sand and nice view. The 0.25
mile hike to the lookout for a glimpse of the spectacular Napali Coast is also great.
Maniniholo Dry Cave located directly across the road from Haena Beach Park. It is at the bottom of a steep
cliff and is about 300 yards (274 m) deep. Maniniholo means "swimming Manini fish". The cave is named after
Maniniholo, the legendary head fisherman of the menehune, Kauai's mythical little people. The menehune
fishermen used to catch many fish at Ha'ena. They left some of their catch right here under the cliff and the
rest they carried to the menehune in the island's interior.
閒， 輕鬆愉快，椰子海岸， 沉浸在蔥鬱的綠色裡，呼吸著周圍清新的花香，真正地享
We noticed that the population of wild chicken on Kauai seems to be much greater than those on Oahu, Maui
and the Big Island of Hawaii probably due to the lack of Indian mongoose on the Island of Kauai.
Beautiful Kauapea Beach and Kalihiwai Bay west of Kilauea Point NWR.
Spectacular Opaekaa Falls - This 151–foot waterfalls is located on the Wailua River in Wailua River State
Park on the eastern side of Kauai. With a roadside lookout, this is one of Kauai's most accessible major
waterfalls on Kauai. This lovely waterfalls was used in the movie "Blue Hawaii". The name "ʻŌpaekaʻa" means
rolling shrimp, "ʻopae" being Hawaiian for "shrimp," and "kaʻa" for "rolling". The name dates back to days when
the native freshwater shrimp Atyoida bisulcata were plentiful in the stream and were seen rolling and tumbling
down the falls and into the churning waters at the fall's base. Tropicbirds often soar through the valley below.
Map: Click here for interactive Google Map showing location of Opaekaa Falls
Encircled by waterfall-draped mountains, Halanei National Wildlife Refuge is picturesque. This NWR has 180
acres of taro patches, and 90 acres of wet pasture. Hanalei's wetland taro farms produce two-thirds of
Hawaii's commercially grown poi taro. Taro has been a traditional form of food sustenance and nutrition in
ancient Hawaiian culture.
However, this NWR is not open to public to protect several species of wildlife. But Hanalei Valley Overlook is
provided for visitors to enjoy the beautiful views of this NWR and valley at a distance without disturbing the
wildlife in this NWR. Hanalei Valley Overlook is on roadside of Highway 56 and 1-1/2 miles E of Hanalei or 6-
1/2 miles W of Kilauea.
Spectacular Na Pali Mountain in northwest coast of Kauai as viewed from a Scenic Lookout near the end of
Highway 550 (Kokee Road) in Waimea Canyon State Park in Kauai.
Several fantastic views along winding mountainous Highway 550 in Waimea Canyon in western side of Kauai.
It is also known as the Grand Canyon of the Pacific.
However, we arrived in Waimea Canyon too late after 6 PM such that most of the canyon were in the
shadow and the light was too dim for good photography.
Red head bird and brown head bird that we often see in Kauai and in other Hawaii Island
Meeting of more than 100 participating early graduates of National Taiwan University Early Graduate
Association in Diamond Head Auditorium on our cruise ship on the afternoon of August 24 while the cruise
ship was on the way going to northwest coast of Kauai for viewing the spectacular Na Pali coast. The
purpose of this meeting was for planning of the 2013 Reunion Trip and for taking group photos. There was a
cocktail party in the adjacent party room just before this meeting. Everybody wear the Aloha shirts as the
"Uniform" for the participants of this 2012 Reunion Trip of Hawaii Island Cruise. It was fun meeting all these
senior alumni of National Taiwan University. Many of them are more than 80 years old.
On the afternoon of August 24, I also enjoyed watching many large seabirds from the balcony of our cruise
Many birds flying in the sky above Kilauea Point NWR.
The frigatebird was harassing the booby by seizing on its tail.
From the balcony of our cruise ship, we saw, from time to time, large groups of seabirds flying just above the
water surface as shown above.
I also took a movie clip of such large group of seabirds in action as shown in the following YouTube website:
可愛島北岸娜帕里標誌性的高山與海岸線， 海岸懸崖峭壁， 粗獷美麗。
Stunning sea cliffs of Na Pali Coast on northwest coast of Kauai was breathtaking when our cruise ship
arrived in this area in the afternoon of August 24. However, it was heavily cloudy and started to rain that
limited the visibility and the quality of photos taken on that afternoon.
Our cruise ship docked at Nawiliwili Harbor overnight for 30 hours on August 23 and 24. At the end of the fist
day, we drove our rental car to the security gate of Nawiliwili Harbor near the junction of Nawiliwili Rd (Hwy
58) and Wilcox Rd and asked the security guard about where we should park our rental car for the night. The
security guard told us to park our rental car in the nearby parking lot of Anchor Cove Shopping Center
located at 3416 Rice St. Anchor Cove Shopping Center is about 1 mile away from Nawiliwili Harbor.
Furthermore, parking our rental car overnight in this parking lot is not free, but requires paying a parking fee
At about 1 PM of second day, we returned our rental car at the Lihue airport and took the free rental car
shuttle bus for a 3-mile short ride to Nawiliwili Harbor to board our cruise ship which left the harbor at 2 PM.
While cruising near the beautiful Na Pali Coast, we saw a large group of Hawaiian Petrel flying on ocean
surface. I took a movie clip of this large group of Hawaiian Petrel in action as shown in the following YouTube
Notice that there are white splashes here and there on the ocean surface. These white splashes may
indicate that there are predatory fish (tuna, sailfish or pods of dolphins) chasing and driving prey (school of
bait fish) to the ocean surface and this group of petrel are taking advantage of the opportunity to snatch the
bait fish from the surface. We also saw a dolphin came up near our cruise ship.
After cruising near the beautiful Na Pali Coast, our cruise ship then headed for Honolulu and arrived at
Honolulu at 7 AM of the following day of August 25.
We stayed in Oahu for two more days for further tour of Oahu as reported in Parts 1 and 2 of our Hawaii
This concludes my report of our Hawaii Island Cruise.
Please enjoy 6 panoramic pictures （全景式風光） from touring 4 islands in Hawaii at my updated pano
web page at:
This one-week Hawaii Island Cruise started at 7 PM on Saturday August 18 at Honolulu and ended at 7 AM
on Saturday August 25 at Honolulu, and it was run by the Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) on board the Pride of
America. United Airline has non-stop flight between Honolulu and Newark, New Jersey and is convenient for
us living in New Jersey. We arrived at Honolulu 3 days early and left Honolulu 2 days after the end of cruise
so that we have sufficient time to tour the Island of Oahu and to visit my classmate in Honolulu.
We enjoyed this trip very much and are grateful to National Taiwan University Early Graduates Association
for organizing this Hawaii Island Cruise 2012 Hawaii Reunion with assistance from Regal Travel, a very
experienced travel agent at Honolulu. More than 100 senior alumni participated in this Hawaii Island Cruise.
Many of them are more than 80 years old. It was a pleasure to have the company of these senior alumni of
National Taiwan University in enjoying this Hawaii Island Cruise.
Our Hawaii Island Cruise took us to visit four islands; Oahu, Maui, the Big Island of Hawaii, and Kauai. These
four islands are very different and each has different beautiful sceneries and very interesting things for
visitors to enjoy. My six web pages from this Hawaii Island Cruise are:
Part 1: Tour of Island of Oahu
Part 2: More on Tour of Island of Oahu
Part 3: Tour of Maui
Part 4: Tour of Big Island of Hawaii
Part 5: Tour of Kauai
Part 6: Spectacular Panoramic Views in Hawaii
沿著碧藍海邊的旖旎風光， 浩瀚無際的太平洋，藍天、白雲、遼闊大海， 碧水連天， 可
可愛島最負盛名的自然奇觀，被稱為“太平洋的大峽谷”， 雄偉壯觀， 大峽谷有10英里
長，1英里寬。 3000 多英尺高懸崖分據兩側，隨著九曲十八彎山路的海拔的升高，景色
愈發雄奇， 黑色的玄武岩已經風化為鮮紅色， 巨大的山脊，在山谷中變換的陽光投
連綿的山谷，蔥翠的山峰， 茂盛的熱帶雨林 和 交錯的懸崖。
Zoom in for a closer look shows three red-footed boobies with blue bills perching on trees.
軍艦鳥挾風追捕的氣勢， 風捲狂飚從天降， 神速如疾風。
I was lucky to see such master of piracy in action in the air in these three pictures that I took at
Kilauea Point NWR. A frigatebird was diving from high above down to harass a booby below in the
In this picture, the frigatebird was still seizing onto the tail of the booby in mid air.
挑逗， 誘惑， 在空中鳴叫。
A tropicbird hovering in mid air as part of its aerial courtship gesture.
Located literally at the end of the road, Ke'e Beach is probably the most visited beach on Kauai. The famed
Kalalau Trail begins at the western end of the beach. Hula dance is said to have originated here. Perfect
location for a beautiful sunset.