Millions of Seabirds on Bird Islands
in Newfoundland, Canada
Newfoundland in northeast Canada is known as the "seabird capital" of North America. Millions of sea birds
come to nest on the five bird islands in Witless Bay Ecological Reserve in Newfoundland during the summer
breeding season to lay eggs and to raise their chicks. Witless Bay is about 50 Km south of St. Johns off Route
10 in eastern Newfoundland. We got on a tour boat from Bay Bulls to tour the Witless Bay in July 2005 to see
millions of busy seabirds as shown in the following pictures.

Map: Click here to see an interactive Google Map showing five bird islands in Witless Bay in Newfoundland
遠眺鳥島。

Distance view of one of the five bird islands in Witless Bay
島上懸崖上和草地上,密密麻麻的全都是鳥。

Many seabirds are nesting on the cliff of the bird island. They include puffins, common murres,
razorbills, black-legged Kittiwakes and northern fulmars.
Many puffins are nesting on the bird island.
Many seabirds are busily flying out to Witless Bay to catch fish to feed their chicks in their nests
海闊憑魚躍,天高任鳥飛,成千上萬漫天飛鳥,密密麻麻的飛進飛
出。

Million of seabirds are busily flying in-and-out of the bird island to catch fish in the Witless Bay to go
back to feed their chicks in their nests on the bird islands in Newfoundland.
When our tour boat got close to this bird island, there were so many seabirds flying very fast like arrows
shooting in many directions above us, near us and below us. These seabirds, such as puffins, fly at speed up
to 55 miles per hour and flap their wings up to 400 times per minute. Puffins use their wings to fly not only in
the air, but also under water. The puffins can swim to depth of 200 feet under water. Their small wings are a
compromise between flying in the air and flying under water. Because of their small wings they have to fly very
fast in the air to get enough lift.

Some birds are landing on the water, some are swimming on the water, some are diving into the water to catch
fish and some are running on the water to take off. There were so many fast actions going on simultaneously in
various directions such that it was hard for me to decide which direction to point my camera.
鯨魚巨頭竄出海面。

Head-on view of a whale in Witless Bay when we were touring the Witless Bay for bird watching. Many
whales also come to Newfoundland for the annual feast of huge number of small fish (capelins) and
giant squids.
A side view of the whale when we were touring the Witless Bay.
Billions of smelt-like bait fish (capelins) come near the shore in Newfoundland to spawn between June and July.
High tide and waves carry many spawning capelins right up to the beaches. Millions of seabirds, many other big
fish (e.g., cods) and many whales also come to Newfoundland in the summer for the annual feast of huge
number of capelins. People may use any containers to scoop up lots of capelins on the beach. Video clip of
Capelin Run in Newfoundland can be seen at the following YouTune websites:

http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0Zd7cZOmu0

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B2VdSrtDWjc&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x77uBGpP_YU&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3LPG8AfzLkc&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWdKAFj-zmc&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjU3953C-6w&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QJArARzpqNM&feature=related

I was too late by about two weeks and miss the opportunity to scoop up the capelins on the beach. But I
enjoyed eating pan fried capelins in restaurants in Newfoundland. Newfoundland exports very large quantity of
capelins, known as Shishamo, to many Japanese restaurants.
There are several fish ladders on the rivers in Newfoundland to help Atlantic salmons to overcome high
waterfalls and dams to get up to shallow streams to spawn. We also visited two fish ladders on rivers to see
jumping Atlantic salmons in Newfoundland. This fish ladder is under a bridge on Route 91 about 2 Km west of
Colinet in Newfoundland.
An Atlantic salmon just jumped up one step in the fish ladder at 100 Taylor Road, Grand Falls Fishway , Grand
Falls-Windsor to get up to the spawning streams in central Newfoundland
Another salmon jumped up the fish ladder and made a splash – Photo by May Lee
This salmon made an even bigger splash - Photo by May Lee
A side view of the salmons in the fish ladder – Photo by May Lee

In touring Newfoundland in July 2005, we also visited
Cape St. Mary's Ecological Reserve to see a huge colony
of gannets nesting on 300-foot sea stacks and cliff as shown in Section 2 of my Travelogue web page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Crossing_Delaware_Bay.html

We also got on a tour boat on Newman Sound in Terra Nova National Park in Newfoundland and saw a bald
eagle in action snatching up a fish from the water as shown in Section 1 of my Travelogue web page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Bald_Eagle.html
Tail of a whale and some seabirds in Witless Bay.
We also drove to Cape Bonavista to see another colony of puffins on the bird rock near the Bonavista
Lighthouse at the northern tip of Cape Bonavista as shown in these three pictures. These puffins spend most of
the daytime on the sea to catch and to eat fish. They come back at about 8 PM to feed their chicks in the nests
inside the burrows.
優美的岩岸景觀,每一塊礁石、每一座海崖,都有它獨特的型態線
條。

Beautiful shoreline near Cape Bonavista - Photo by May Lee
百鳥在海岸邊翻飛群舞。

Many seagulls at another bird rock - Photo by May Lee
In addition to seeing bald eagles in action, we also saw many jelly fish in Newman Sound in Terra Nova
National Park in Newfoundland - Photo by May Lee.
A movie clip of a puffin carrying several small fish and coming back into the nest in the burrow to feed its
chick can be seen at the following website:

http://www.projectpuffin.org/movies/scenes_from_the_film02.html
Horses near Cape Bonavista
The wind was very strong causing high waves when we were touring Witless Bay. Our tour boat was rocking
severely in such waves. Such rocking boat impacted the quality, especially the sharpness, of the pictures taken
from the tour boat.
Many seabirds are busily flying in-and-out of the bird island to catch fish in the Witless Bay to go back to feed
their chicks in their nests on the bird island.
More photos from my tour of Gros Morne National Park in Newfoundland are shown on my Travelogue web
page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Gros_Morne_NP.html

In the summer of 2005, in addition to touring Newfoundland, we also toured Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
as described on my web page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Nova_Scotia_and_New_Brunswick.html

We drove from New Jersey through New England into eastern Canada to tour New Brunswick, Nova Scotia
and Newfoundland. The photos and stories from the scenic coastal routes in New England are on my web
page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Scenic_Coastal_Drive_New_England.html
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粗獷美麗的奇岩異石,浪漫美麗的海岸線。
浪漫美麗的海邊, 體態矯健的駿馬自由奔馳。
讀萬卷書    行萬里路

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